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Nazoraeans

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Chapter Summary

Epiphanius was the first writer to mention the Jewish-Christian sect of the Nazoraeans. Epiphanius compares the ideas of the Nazoraeans with those of the Cerinthians. He writes that, unlike the Cerinthians, the Nazoraeans accepted the Old Testament. He states emphatically that the Nazoraeans were well versed in the Hebrew language. They read the Old Testament and the Gospel in Hebrew. The remarks on the Nazoraeans in Epiphanius and Jerome can be taken together to form a picture of this Jewish-Christian sect. About the year 400 Augustine wrote about the Nazoraeans in his contra Faust and de baptismate. Theodoret, haer. fab., II deals with the Nazoraeans after the Ebionites and before speaking of Cerinthus. This is the same order we find in Epiphanius, although Theodoret does not give any sign of having known this author.

Keywords: Augustine; Cerinthians; Epiphanius; Gospel; Jerome; Jewish-Christian; Nazoraeans

10.1163/9789004268401_004
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