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Appendix I

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Chapter Summary

The remarks on the various heresies in Pseudo-Tertullian, Epiphanius and Filaster show a great similarity both in order and contents. Pseudo-Tertullian states that a close agreement exists between the conceptions held by Cerinthus and Carpocrates respectively. The idea of the Law having been given by angels, and of the God of the Jews being an angel, can also be found in passages dealing with Gnostic teachers. This causes Pseudo-Tertullian to describe Cerinthus as a Gnostic, and in order to do this he quotes some typical Gnostic characteristics. Epiphanius shows agreement with Pseudo-Tertullian in 28 1 1-2. He differs from him in saying that Cerinthus gives partial adherence to Judaism, and in identifying one of the angels. The first deviation may be explained by Epiphanius' supposition that Cerinthus, as Paul's opponent, wished to live according to the Law.

Keywords: Epiphanius; Filaster; Judaism; Pseudo-Tertullian



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