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Introduction

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Chapter Summary

This introduction provides an overview of the key concepts discussed in the book Science and Technology in Modern China, 1880s-1940s. The experimental nature of the adjustments in part led to a flatly interpreted narrative concerning the alleged lack of adequate growth in science and technology in modern China. For more than three-quarters of a century, Joseph Needham and Science and Civilisation in China have supplied the dominant framework for interpreting the limitations of science, medicine, and technology in premodern, "imperial China". The book helps to realize how murky our understanding of the history of science, medicine, and technology in Republican China had become when viewed through the refracted shadows of the premodern historiography on science in imperial China before 1850. Premodern historians, for instance, have tended to reify the perennial fields of "Chinese Science" (CS) and "Traditional Chinese Medicine" (TCM).

Keywords: Chinese Science (CS); imperial China; Joseph Needham; modern China; premodern historiography; Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)

10.1163/9789004268784_002
/content/books/b9789004268784_002
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