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Why they were called Hebrews, Israelites and Jews and why and how, in ancient times, they came to be called Marranos

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Chapter Summary

This chapter offers an edited translation of Francisco de Torrejoncillo's Centinela contra Judíos puesta en la Torre de la Iglesia de Dios from Spanish into English with references to, and biographies of, Torrejoncillo's sources. The ancient and noble lineage of the Hebrews is named after the descendants of the first-born Shem, starting with Heber in whom it continued its existence and amongst whose descendants the name of God was adored through sacrifices and offerings. They bore this name of Heber, or Hebrews, until Jacob came into the service of his father-in-law Laban: "God our lord called him Israel" (Genesis 35). From then onwards they were called Israelites. A few years later, when the Israelites were freed from the miseries of Babylon, Josephus tells that they were called Jews. Others maintain that the Spaniards created the name, calling them marranos, which in Spanish means swine.

Keywords: Centinela contra Judíos; Hebrews; Israelites; Jacob; Jews; Josephus; marranos



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