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9 Dreaming of Valencia’s Social Order in Jaume Roig’s Espill

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Chapter Summary

Jaume Roig was a physician and medical examiner from Valencia who wrote the Espill (The Mirror). The focus on Valencia's social order is perhaps nowhere more evident than in Solomon's dream-sermon that constitutes book three (vv. 6369-15295), where the Israeli king's homily serves as the spiritual complement to Roig's secular, naturalizing discourse. Solomon's corporeal and legal diatribes in the mystical dream realm corroborate Roig's worldly misogyny. The dream is ideal for the dialectic between earthly and celestial authority because from the twelfth century on the interaction of the sacred and profane became increasingly important in the dream space. The Espill's connection to Valencia's fifteenth-century medical milieu is well known by critics and evident from its opening Consulta or consultation, as if the narrator is appealing to another person for his opinion or advice, as when a patient visits a doctor.

Keywords: Espill; Jaume Roig; Solomon; Valencia



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