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Chapter Summary

Barsom is a bundle of sacred twigs used in the performance of high liturgies. Zoroastrian civil and penal legislation says an offense committed for the first time was punished lightly, if it was repeated, the punishment was increased. A woman who gives birth to a stillborn child is extremely polluted, since she has carried dead matter within her. Man was considered a microcosm, and every element in him was supposed to come from a similar element in nature, to which it returns after death, and it was to come back again at the time of the resurrection: his bones from the earth, his blood from the water, his hair from the plants, and his life from the wind. The primeval cow/bull was created by Ohrmazd and killed by Ahriman. In the Zoroastrian religion the five divisions of time are: the time of haoma pressing, noon, afternoon, evening, and late night.

Keywords: Ahriman; Barsom; Ohrmazd; Zoroastrian

10.1163/9789004269224_004
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