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1 Metaphisycs and Ontology

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Chapter Summary

For "metaphysics", what is meant is a series of treatises written by Aristotle and later gathered under that title. On the contrary, many of the most expansive works in the realm of metaphysics come from the period that preceded the neologism. While pre-Kantian philosophy began with the object therefore with metaphysics to develop an ethics, epistemology, and theology in much of the post-Kantian philosophy, the intentional acts of the subject take precedence over the analysis of the perceived object. The majority of eliminativists are also scientific metaphysicists who have opted for an articulation of an account of the spatio-temporal area within elementary-particle terms. Unlike metaphysics which is concerned with individuating the structures of reality in general (therefore, virtually everything real or possible), regional ontologies are concerned with explicating the structure of that "something" that characterizes the specific regional area in question.

Keywords: Aristotle; metaphysics; neologism; pre-Kantian philosophy; regional ontologies



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