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2 Epistemology

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on propositional knowledge, one may crucially ask whether there are any particular (hopefully necessary and sufficient) conditions which allow one to legitimately talk of knowledge as opposed to other states such as belief, desire, supposition, intention, hope and so on. Many epistemologists attribute to Plato the first explicit characterization of knowledge. In order to understand the necessity of the three conditions (belief, truth, justification), one has to judge whether Emily knows that Agota Kristof is the author of the Trilogy of the City of K. The most famous counterexample to the traditional analysis of knowledge is due to Edmund Gettier (1963). One of the central questions of epistemology concerns the value of knowledge. Epistemic Relativism may be regarded as a way of radicalizing scepticism, but also as a way of addressing it. Relativism on knowledge attributions encounters various criticisms.

Keywords: Agota Kristof; Edmund Gettier; Emily; Epistemic Relativism; epistemology; Plato



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