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9 Aesthetics

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Chapter Summary

The history of philosophical aesthetics, including the twentieth century, confirms the presence of themes suggested by ordinary speech. Philosophers have insisted first and foremost on the project originally romantic and idealistic of dealing with art by examining content, forms, values or techniques of different creative productions. Responding to such an invitation is "neuroaesthetics", a term used to describe a branch of research that originated in Europe and the United States during the 1990s. Neurobiologist Margaret Livingstone also considers works of art to be equal to real experimental tasks. The equivalence between artist fact and perceptive datum is coherent with her important analysis of the activity of the "where system" and the "what system" the former, which is present in all mammals, is colorblind, sensitive to small contrasts of light, faster, endowed with less acuity and recognizes movement, space, position, depth and the figure/ground separation.

Keywords: Europe; Margaret Livingstone; neuroaesthetics; philosophical aesthetics; United States



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