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7 Rapid Increase of Waste Incineration Plants Causes Concern

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Chapter Summary

The waste incineration power generation policy jointly stipulated by the State Council and the National Development and Reform Commission in 2012 has set off a frenzy for waste power, attracting enormous government and private investments. However, government efforts have been greeted by the public with suspicion and triggered disputes concerning the location of waste incineration plants, which though classified as clean, produce four times as much nitrogen dioxide as the same-sized thermal power plant. Criticism of this waste incineration power "great leap forward" focuses on the reliability of garbage incineration power technologies and the sustainability of the industry which now depends heavily on government subsidies. Opponents of waste incineration power now argue that waste incineration should be replaced by gasification and anaerobic fermentation, and they believe that the future of waste treatment lies in reclamation.

Keywords: anaerobic fermentation; gasification; National Development and Reform Commission; reclamation; waste incineration plants



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