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20 Public Bicycles in Cities—Government Support is Key

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Chapter Summary

Globally, traffic jams have become a growing cost for many cities. With the rapid urbanization in China, traffic congestion is a normal part of daily life. China's goal is to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by nearly 50" in a fifteen-year period. By the end of 2011, there were 225 million motor vehicles across the country. After buses and rail transportation, developing public bicycle systems (PBSs) became the last hope for reducing pressure on transportation and energy consumption. In May 2008, the Hangzhou Municipal Government began building a PBS in two phases, with phase one including the well-known scenic West Lake area, and phase two including the southern and eastern parts of the city. On September 4, 2008, Ruan Chengfa, proposed at a meeting held by the municipal government that free bicycles be provided in all districts, in order to address the issue of "the last kilometer of mobility".

Keywords: China; Hangzhou Municipal Government; public bicycle systems (PBSs); Ruan Chengfa



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