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Chapter Summary

This index presents a list of terms and concepts relevant to discussion of the "Top Five" environmental challenges facing Chinese cities today. These challenges are air, water, food, traffic, and garbage. One of the biggest challenges Chinese cities are facing is air pollution. Zhong Nanshan, a member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE), warned that "smog is much more hazardous than SARS". This is simply because nobody can escape from air pollution, and, whether indoors or outdoors, it is impossible to isolate air pollution. Since ongoing, rapid urbanization in China has sparked an environmental crisis, there is an urgent need for us to rethink the way to urbanize. As urbanization is accelerating across China, the Twelfth Five-Year Plan for Western Development specifies a remarkably faster rate of urbanization in the western regions. This plan defines the targets of western urbanization.

Keywords: air pollution; Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE); environmental crisis; urbanization; Zhong Nanshan



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