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4 Pronominal Morphology

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Chapter Summary

Of the two forms of the 1CS independent subject pronoun in Biblical Hebrew (BH), אָנֹכִי and אֲנִי both 'I', the latter, shorter form is the more common, with 874 occurrences, compared to 359 of its longer counterpart. Ancient cognate languages use either only a cognate of אֲנִי, only a cognate of אָנֹכִי or cognates of both. In Jeremiah cases of אָנֹכִי outnumber those of אֲנִי by a ratio of 54:37, each form coming in a variety of genres throughout the book's various apparent component parts. In early Hebrew epigraphic sources there is a single relevant case, הית in the Siloam Tunnel inscription. The Greek presents an independent pronoun parallel to אנו/אנחנו in Jer 42.6, but it is obviously impossible to determine which form the translator(s) had before him. In BH the dominant forms of the proximal singular demonstrative pronouns are ms זֶה and fs זאֹת.

Keywords: Biblical Hebrew (BH); Jeremiah; Siloam Tunnel inscription



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