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6 Verbal Morphology

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Chapter Summary

There is widespread agreement among scholars that the various Biblical Hebrew (BH) yiqṭol patterns, despite identical forms in the case of many verbs, developed from more than one Proto-Semitic template. Conversely, the yiqṭol form that appears in the wayyiqṭol and the jussive apparently developed from consonant-final yaqṭul. Ostensibly deriving from Proto-Semitic yaqṭul, it serves almost exclusively in 1st person forms, especially for marking volition, as well as in wayyiqṭol forms. There are no 1st person wayyiqṭol forms in the admittedly limited corpus of First Temple Hebrew inscriptional evidence. The late non-Masoretic Hebrew and extra-biblical material also furnishes corroborative testimony for the characteristically late distribution of the lengthened 1st person wayyiqṭol seen in the Masoretic Text (MT). At the risk of oversimplifying scholarly treatment of the issue, there are three principal approaches to the use of the full pattern in the 2ms, 3ms, and 3fs yyiqṭol.

Keywords: Biblical Hebrew (BH); Masoretic Text (MT); Proto-Semitic template; wayyiqṭol; yaqṭul; yiqṭol

10.1163/9789004269651_007
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