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Mental Disorders in Remedy Collections: A Comparison of Occitan and Swedish Material

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Chapter Summary

This chapter compares two medical recipe collections from two different parts of Europe, Southern France and Sweden. The study of recipe collections in the manuscripts R.14.30 and A 49 comprises the scrutiny of mental disorders in recipes and enables the comparison between two different cultures, or at least, between two textual communities. One community was situated near the leading medical centre of Montpellier and the other was the Northern European Naantali Monastery (Nådendal in Swedish, Vallis gratiae in Latin) on the South-west coast of Finland. The recipe collections belong to the thirteenth-fourteenth century and the fifteenth century respectively. It has been frequently maintained that certain ideas and influences, such as Christian influences and many literary sources, generally came to the medieval North from Southern and Central Europe approximately 100-200 years later. The medical recipe collections analysed in this chapter are compiled in Old Occitan and Late Old Swedish.

Keywords: Europe; medical recipe collections; mental disorders; Occitan; Swedish



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