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Regional Features and New Issues on the Balanced Development of Compulsory Education

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Chapter Summary

In 2012, the central government continued to underscore and reiterated the significance of the balanced development of compulsory education, renewed its support for local governments to materialize such a goal of balanced development, and finished signing the "Memorandum of the Balanced Development of Compulsory Education" with all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities throughout the country. At the same time, the State Council and the Ministry of Education issued multiple policies to promote a real balanced development of compulsory education. There were still plenty of problems in realizing the balanced development of compulsory education in rural areas and areas with weak foundations. The overall investment ratio in educational funding remained low, and when compared with urban funding, the imbalances in funding became especially pronounced. The test-oriented education in today's China has almost "kidnapped" students, schools and families.

Keywords: central government; China; compulsory education; educational funding; test-oriented education



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