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Open Access 5 Jerusalem as Palimpsest

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5 Jerusalem as Palimpsest

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses constitution of architectural layers of Crusader buildings in order to do justice to and acknowledge the processuality of architecture. The author does so by considering the buildings as architectural palimpsests. The metaphor of the palimpsest refers both to the multi-layeredness of buildings as well as to the observation that older architectural layers mix with new layers, as old text shines through the new text of a reused piece of parchment. The starting point of what follows is the appearance, the upper layer of the palimpsest, of a set of Crusader buildings that are considered to be the best preserved examples of Crusader architecture in contemporary Jerusalem. The chapter discusses the Templum Domini, the Islamic Dome of the Rock, which was appropriated by the Crusaders and played an important role in the reestablishment of a Christian Jerusalem in the Crusader period.

Keywords: architectural palimpsests; contemporary Jerusalem; Crusader buildings; Templum Domini



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