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3 Communism and Insurrection

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Chapter Summary

The Communist Party of Germany (KPD) was formed at a congress held between 30 December 1918 and 1 January 1919 out of two divergent components: the Spartacus League and the Bremen and Hamburg Left Radicals. The Spartacist leader, Rosa Luxemburg, thought the coming revolution should be the achievement of the working class and would take time to prepare; the Left Radicals on the other hand called for an immediate insurrection on Bolshevik lines organised by the Communist Party. The so-called Spartacist Rising of January 1919 was a case in point: its aim was to defend the conquests of the November Revolution, and it was in no sense a planned communist insurrection. The era of communist insurrection in Germany had reached its conclusion by the end of 1923. Out of the ruins of the Proletarian Hundreds there emerged in 1924 another organisation, the Red League of Front Fighters (RFB).

Keywords: communist insurrection; Communist Party of Germany (KPD); Germany; Hamburg Left Radicals; Red League of Front Fighters (RFB); Rosa Luxemburg; Spartacus League

10.1163/9789004271081_005
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