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10 The Provenance of 2 Enoch 69–73: Jewish or Christian?

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Chapter Summary

The final chapters 69-73 of 2Enoch is no longer regarded as an appendix that was added by a later hand. As a consequence, the question of how the presence of two superhuman heavenly highpriests, Enoch and Melchizedek, within one document can be justified, is sometimes answered by positing that they could "share the stage" because the continuity between the reverence shown for Enoch and Melchizedek is found in their shared roles as exalted priestly mediators. When almost everyone agrees that the book is a literary unity and that there is no valid reason to assume that chapters 69-73 are from a later, let alone a Christian, hand, it is hard to maintain a dissenting position. These final chapters come after an elaborate description of Enoch's second and definitive departure to heaven formulated in a way that is typical of a book ending not a chapter ending.

Keywords: 2Enoch; Christian; Enoch; heavenly highpriests; Jewish; Melchizedek

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