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8. The Prince as Military Entrepreneur?

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Chapter Summary

This chapter starts with an overview of the military traditions of Saxony-Gotha, followed by an outline of the first transactions with the Dutch Republic after 1672. These continued at a relatively brisk level, considering the size of the principality, up to the early nineteenth century. It focuses how the costs of such activities could be paid for, and by whom, using various examples. Finally, the thesis that the prince himself acted like a 'military entrepreneur' is discussed. In order to finance the setup of his troops, Friedrich I developed a special method of obtaining money. In 1689 he massed troops against France, 'wieder den Reichsfeind den Franzosen', called the 'Dutch regiment'. In order to get that project off the ground, he borrowed 4,000 Reichstaler from the former Kriegs-Kommissarius of Braunschweig-Luneburg, Johann Jacob Schreiber, who lived in Frankenhausen.

Keywords: Dutch regiment; Dutch Republic; France; Frankenhausen; Friedrich I; Saxony-Gotha



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