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Migration in an Age of Change: The Migration Effect of Decolonization and Industrialization in Indonesia, c. 1900–2000

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on migration in Indonesia between 1930 and 2000, a period in which the country underwent substantial political and economic change. Between 1930 and 2000 Indonesia not only gained independence from the Dutch, after Suharto took over power from President Sukarno in 1966 it transformed from being a largely agricultural society, to an increasingly industrial economy with a (relatively) advanced manufacturing industry operating in a global market. What was the effect of colonization and subsequent decolonization on the composition and overall volume of migration? And how does this relate to the effect of Indonesia's spectacular economic transformation? To answer these questions the chapter adopts different complementary approaches. The chapter focuses on the character of the migration flows by applying to Indonesia the four core categories of the CCMRmodel: migration to cities or urbanization, migration to land, immigration, and emigration.

Keywords: decolonization; Indonesian migration regime



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