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Han Chinese Immigrants in Manchuria, 1850–1931

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Chapter Summary

This chapter studies a specific case of Han Chinese migration from North China to Manchuria from the Qing to the Republican period, following Adam McKeown's chapter on Chinese mobility across time and space. North China is estimated to have sent over 25 million migrants in total to Manchuria from the 1890s to the end of the Second World War. The increase in the stock and flows of migration accompanied the accelerated economic development of the region, stimulated by the foreign influences that led to a huge demand for (seasonal) labor migrants in both the agricultural and industrial (urban) sectors. The great migration to Manchuria was facilitated by the introduction of efficient modern transportation including railways. Household strategy was equally important to colonists in Manchuria, who migrated within the region, changed occupations with the help of personal networks, and who through chain migration pulled new migrants from the home region.

Keywords: Han Chinese migration; household strategy; labor migrants; Manchurian economy



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