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Zabulon et Nephtali dans le Targum : un éclairage de Mt 4,13–16 ?

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Chapter Summary

The importance of the Torah in the synagogue service helps us to understand that the written Jewish tradition has recorded five recensions of targumic Pentateuch: the Targum of Onkelos (TGO), the Neofiti (TgN), what the Targum says as "the Cairo Geniza" (TgC), the Targum "piecemeal" (TGF), and the one called as "Pseudo-Jonathan" (TgPJ). This chapter, from these reviews, explores the targumic portraits of the tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali in two key passages: the blessing of Jacob (Genesis 49) and those of Moses (Deut 33). These two biblical texts cultivate an archaic language, and sometimes the best Hebrew scholars today admit their linguistic embarrassment at such poems. Faced with this kind of literature, the artisans of the Targum, performed their interpretative talents, according to religious and national traditions that existed in their time. The original text of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: Deut 33; Genesis 49; Jacob; Moses; Naphtali; targumic Pentateuch; Zebulun



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