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2 The Army Establishes Itself, Colonisation Begins

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Chapter Summary

In Algeria, the French tried to move too fast, pursuing the whirligig of establishment and security. Colonists needed to be secure, and therefore roads were of prime importance. But colonies should also be established precisely in order to establish security. This was what Bugeaud believed the Romans had done, their veterans planted like trees on sand-dunes against the ever-encroaching storm of natives. Fabre, in 1847, sets down a plan for parcelling out land to such military colonists - again, pie in the sky, since the land would first have to be wrested from the natives. After the abandonment of Bugeaud's military colonisation scheme, troops were nevertheless employed to help clear agricultural land, and build ditches to encircle villages. In the process, colonists naturally encountered Roman remains, as well as, on the Settara Plateau, the remains of fortresses.

Keywords: Algeria; Bugeaud's military colonisation scheme; Fabre; Romans; Settara Plateau



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