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Main Doctrinal Theories

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Chapter Summary

Apart from considering classical theories of justice, from Aristotle, Plato, Saint Thomas Aquinas, the Bible, and the Quran, this chapter focuses on the contemporary vista. It reviews some of the modern ideas of justice advanced by legal philosophers of that time. The author refers, among others, to justice as fairness in the work of Rawls; to the thinking of the German philosopher Jürgen Habermas; to the theory of one of the leading exponents of Anglo-Saxon thought, the recently deceased Ronald Dworkin, who was globally renowned particularly following his work Taking Rights Seriously; and, also, to other important contemporary ideas of justice, including those of Nozick, Posner, Sadurski, Marxism, and Feminist theories. The chapter covers the subjective matter of the various thinkers who have considered the central theme of justice. It deals with the objective part of the problem, analyzing some of the principal themes relating to justice.

Keywords: classical theories; justice; legal philosophers



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