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4 An Archaeological Account of Ten Ancient Painted Chortens in Ladakh and Zanskar

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents an archaeological account of Ten Ancient Painted Chortens (Type A, B and C chortens, Stongde Marpa Ling Gompa Gandal Chorten, Thikse Double Chamber Chorten, Stok Kadam Chorten, Nyoma Khawaling Main Gateway Chorten, Nyoma Smaller Gateway Chorten, Shera Gomang Gateway Chorten and Zangla mkhar Gateway Chorten) in Zangla in Zangskar and Ladakh. The Type A chorten is characterized by a solid plinth. Such monuments are known at Nyarma and two new specimens of this kind were documented at Ubshi and Nang. Type B buildings are characterized by an enterable plinth supporting one or several chortens. Famous examples of such chortens are known in Nyarma and Mangyu. The Type C is composed of a high rectangular plinth on which is erected the chorten proper. In Ladakh, this type of chorten is locally known as Kagan, Kakani or Kankani.

Keywords: Ladakh; Nyoma Khawaling Main Gateway Chorten; Shera Gomang Gateway Chorten; Stok Kadam Chorten; Zangskar



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