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2 Nationalism and Violence: The Case of Pomak Christianization (Pokrŭstvane) in Bulgaria, 1912–1913

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Chapter Summary

This chapter enfolds the historical picture of the pokrŭstvane based on two primary sources: existing documents dating back to the time of occurrence, and surviving Pomak oral histories. It further analyzes the first comprehensive Christianization (pokrŭstvane) of the Pomaks in Bulgaria on the premise of nationalism and violence (the same as nationalism of violence), which sets the ideological context for the rest of this book. The nationalism premise first and foremost requires an explanation of just what accounts for the preponderance of violence in the Bulgarian (and Balkan) national context. The chapter explores the definition of nationalism and its specific Balkan application before detailing the pokrŭstvane of 1912-1913 as the first comprehensive step in Bulgaria's attempt to appropriate Pomak heritage in the process of nation-building.

Keywords: Bulgaria; nationalism; Pomak Christianization; violence



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