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Chapter Summary

Denmark has existed within its current borders since 1944. From the end of the 14th Century through the middle of the 20th Century, Denmark was continuously united with one or more of its Nordic neighbors. Denmark-Norway subsequently joined with Sweden to form the Kalmar Union in 1397. As part of the Kalmar Union, Norway, Denmark, and Sweden maintained a common foreign policy and defense under the rule of the Danish monarch. Treaties are typically implemented in Denmark through two legislative methods: incorporation and transformation. Infrequently, a third method of implementation known in Denmark as "konstatering af normharmoni" (declaring norm harmony) is used. This method was employed in 1953 when the European Convention on Human Rights was declared to be in harmony with Danish municipal law.

Keywords: Danish municipal law; Denmark; incorporation; Kalmar Union; Norway; transformation



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