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Chapter Summary

The present day Republic of Ireland, or Éire, has a rich and colorful history. Although an independent Irish government began acting on the global stage as early as 1919, for purposes of this entry, the current Irish state came into being in 1922 following the Anglo-Irish Treaty and the Irish Free State (Constitution) Act. International relations in Ireland are governed by Article 29 of the Irish Constitution. In Irish treaty practice, the state must be in a position to meet the obligations under the terms of an international agreement to which it binds itself from the moment it enters into force. Ireland is a dualist system in that international rules, including treaties, must be incorporated into domestic law before they have legal effect on the national level. Article 29.4.1 of the Irish Constitution states that power to conclude international agreements is the function of the executive of Ireland.

Keywords: Anglo-Irish treaty; Ireland; Irish Free State (Constitution) Act



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