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Chapter Summary

The Italian Republic is a modern state. To trace the legal history of Italy is to trace the history of this geographical region, describe its common legal developments, and attempt to identify any "national identity" that might have pre-dated Italy's unification. In 1805, the Italian Republic's own Council of State petitioned that the republic be transformed into a monarchy, with the president being made king. The Kingdom of Italy was established, and Napoleon became king in 1805, a mere three years after the establishment of the Italian Republic. The French domination of Italy ended in 1815 with the Congress of Vienna, which restored Italy and most of Europe to its pre-Napoleonic conditions. Kingdoms were reinstated, monarchs returned to their thrones, and pre-existing political structures were re-established. Italy was one of the founding members of the European Union (EU) in 1955.

Keywords: Congress of Vienna; European Union (EU); Italy; Napoleon



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