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Republic of Korea

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Chapter Summary

The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Korea (South Korea, hereinafter "Korea") defines a treaty as an agreement between more than two states, creating, amending, and expiring rights and duties. On September 8, 1951, World War II officially ended, and Japan officially recognized the independence of Korea and renounced all rights and claims to Korea by the San Francisco Treaty of Peace with Japan. Treaties are primary sources of law in Korea. Korea signed the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties on November 27, 1969 and later ratified it on April 27, 1977. Under Article 73 of the Constitution of the Republic of Korea, the President has the authority to adopt and ratify treaties. The Ministry of Government Legislation also provides a treaty database which is included under the general legal database, called Kukga Beobryung Jungbo Center. The database covers most Korean treaties: 2,090 treaties as of 2013.

Keywords: Japan; Kukga Beobryung Jungbo Center; Law of Treaties; Republic of Korea; Vienna Convention; World War II



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