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Chapter Summary

The Republic of Singapore's status as a sovereign nation responsible for its own international relations, including treaty-making, evolved over time in a series of significant historical developments. From 1867-1946, the British administered Singapore as part of the British Crown Colony under the operation of the Straits Settlements, together with Penang, Malacca, Labuan, the Cocos Islands and Christmas Island. With the surrender of the British in 1942 during the Second World War, Singapore came under Japanese military rule until 1945. On August 1st 1958, the British Parliament passed the State of Singapore Act and granted Singapore the right to self-government. The status of Singapore changed in 1963 when it became a member of the Federation of Malaysia. Through the Malaysia Agreement signed by the United Kingdom, Malaya, Singapore and the Borneo States, the United Kingdom relinquished all sovereignty and jurisdiction exercised over Singapore.

Keywords: Christmas Island; Cocos Islands; Labuan; Malacca; Malaysia Agreement; Penang; Singapore; United Kingdom



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