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Muslim Experiential Religiousness: Relationships with Attitude toward Islam, Religious Reflection, and Basic Needs Satisfaction in Iranians

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Chapter Summary

Spirituality can be described as a search for the sacred. A recent Iranian research program operationalized an Islamic search for the sacred in a Muslim Experiential Religiousness Scale. Based upon Qur᾿ānic perspectives, this instrument expressed Muslim spirituality in terms of efforts of the faithful to submit to and get closer to God in a loving relationship. This chapter further documents the empirical potentials of this operationalization of Muslim spirituality. Specifically, Muslim Experiential Religiousness correlated positively with previously unexamined indices of Islamic commitment, including Attitude toward Islam, Islamic Religious Reflection, and Afterlife Motivation. Direct relationships with Basic Needs Satisfaction also confirmed once again that Islamic spirituality predicts more adjusted forms of psychological functioning. Muslim Experiential Religiousness also partially mediated the linkage of Islamic attitudes with Faith Oriented Reflection and moderated Attitude toward Islam relationships with Afterlife Motivation and with Basic Needs Satisfaction.

Keywords: God; Iranian research program; Islamic spirituality; Muslim psychology; religious reflection

10.1163/9789004272385_005
/content/books/b9789004272385s005
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