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Reduplication in Mapuzungun: Form and Function

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Chapter Summary

This chapter surveys older studies and explores several cases that suggest that form/function correspondences are substantially less straightforward than casual observer might think. It gives an overview of reduplication in Mapuzungun, the language of the Mapuche people who live in what is now Argentina and Chile. After outlining a general terminological and analytic introduction to reduplication, the chapter briefly considers some formal aspects of reduplication in Mapuzungun. It addresses verbal reduplication, and provides some conclusions. Mapuzungun reduplication shows a variety of formal patterns and two basic functions, (a) word-forming function that was presumably productive in the past as many examples of inherent reduplication may suggest and (b) grammatical function which is apparently fairly productive in the present-day language. Reduplication may have been (semi-) productively used in order to form new lexemes from nominal, adjectival or verbal stems.

Keywords: Argentina; Chile; grammatical function; Mapuche people; Mapuzungun reduplication; verbal reduplication



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