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Reduplication in Nheengatu

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Chapter Summary

This chapter provides the first in-depth look at reduplication in Nheengatu, and provides an analysis of reduplication in Nheengatu, the Tupi-Guarani language that descends from Tupinambá and was used as língua geral during the colonization of Amazonian region. It presents classification of verbs in Nheengatu, in order to discuss reduplication within each type of verb, and gives a brief introduction of the history of Nheengatu and its sociolinguistic situation. The chapter provides phonological description of the reduplication process, and gives an overview of the different types of verbs that can be distinguished in Nheengatu. It describes the semantic interpretation of the reduplication process when applied to each type of verb, and deals with syntactic effects of reduplication in transitive, active intransitive, and stative intransitive verbs. The chapter deals with the use of reduplication to indicate reciprocity and concludes with an overview of the main characteristics of reduplication in Nheengatu.

Keywords: active intransitive verb; Nheengatu; phonological description; reduplication; semantic interpretation; stative intransitive verb; syntactic effects; transitive verb; Tupi-Guarani language

10.1163/9789004272415_006
/content/books/b9789004272415_006
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