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Reduplication in Movima: A Prosodic Morphology Approach

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Chapter Summary

Reduplication in Movima (isolate, lowland Bolivia) covers a remarkable range of grammatical functions. Movima reduplication is based not on morphemes but on prosodic categories. Movima is best analyzed in terms of prosodic morphology, where reduplicative morphemes are considered phonologically underspecified affixes. Movima has four reduplication processes, three word-initial ones and a word-internal one. This chapter presents general facts of the prosody of Movima words, and illustrates reduplication processes. The prosodic units relevant for reduplication in Movima are moras and feet. The reduplication processes are best analyzed in terms of prosodic morphology, which considers reduplication as "a special case of ordinary affixal morphology, where the affixes are phonologically underspecified, receiving their full phonetic expression by copying adjacent segments". The chapter discusses the functions of reduplication. Reduplication was presumably used as a device to mark Spanish borrowings in compounds or incorporating verbs.

Keywords: direct verbs; grammatical functions; Movima; Movima reduplication; prosodic morphology; reduplicative affixes



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