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4 Jewish Immigration to Palestine

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Chapter Summary

Emigration trends from Yemen to Aden and to Africa, paralleled immigration to Palestine. These movements of people played a remarkable role in transforming Yemeni Jews from members of a traditional society to participants in modern developments. Migration allowed a direct encounter with Western colonial powers - the Italians in Eritrea and Ethiopia, and the British in Aden and in Palestine - and with their impact in fields such as technology, education, community leadership, social institutions and economic ventures. In Palestine the migrants encountered the modernized Jewish settlement, and were impelled to undergo rapid social, economic, and even religious adaptations. This chapter underlines the factors that encouraged and facilitated immigration to Palestine, as well as to elaborate the circumstances that slowed immigration and hampered it. Internal social and economic conditions in 1943 Yemen might suggest an explanation for Imam Yahya's new approach toward Jewish emigration.

Keywords: Imam Yahya; Jewish immigration; Palestine; social institutions; Yemeni Jews



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