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3 Shifting Notions of Nature and Environmentalism in Indonesian Islam

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Chapter Summary

This chapter traces global ideas of nature in Islam and analyses local developments in environmentalism in Indonesia, the most populous Muslim country. Islam is based on the concept of the oneness of God (tawhid), the essence of Islamic monotheism. The Qur'an highly values natural resources, especially trees and water. It is noticeable that in Islamic tradition the himā areas the local population protects, contribute to the health of the environment. In the context of environmentalism, the cosmic balance between God, humans and nature is often addressed to highlight their responsibility. Miri argues that science and modernisation are inevitably leading to the destruction of philosophical, cultural and spiritual elements, so that the essence of humans is reduced to purely materialistic and scientific matters. The textual culture of the pesantren, readings of traditional texts do complement environmental practices. However, Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) also established special departments to tackle climate change.

Keywords: cosmos; environmentalism; Indonesian Islam; NahdlatulUlama (NU); pesantren

10.1163/9789004273221_005
/content/books/b9789004273221_005
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