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2 “Memorial” Strategies of Court Physicians in the Imperial Period

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Chapter Summary

This chapter, using historical, literary, anthropological, and iconographic approaches, investigates the strategies used by those privileged physicians to perpetuate their memory. Antonius Musa, a renowned physician of Augustus, is an example of the use of "memorial" strategies. Knowledge of Euphorbos,who was a physician at the court of King Juba II in the kingdom of Mauretania, depends on a single piece of evidence concerning the plant euphorbion. Between the principate of Tiberius and that of Nero, several court physicians are known to us, but the Stertinii-Q. Stertinius and C. Stertinius Xenophon offer the richest evidence for the use of "memorial" strategies. In the families of "court physicians", the memory of ancestors was promoted. The fundamental difference between the production of literature among court physicians and among other physicians is the preservation of the works. Galen, who had access to imperial libraries, was well-acquainted with the works of his predecessors.

Keywords: ntonius Musa; court physicians; Euphorbos; imperial period; memorial strategies



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