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3 China’s Dual-Identity Dilemma and Its Countermeasures

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Chapter Summary

The overall structure of the international system as the result of inter-actions among actors is not only the environment and stage upon which China carries out its foreign policy, but it is also the source of the resources and conditions that China can take advantage of. In the international system, identity is an essential factor determining one's foreign-policy behavior. China reveals a dual identity in terms of its interactions in the international system. It insists itself as a "developing country", but the international community views it as a "great power". The dual identity utilizes different mechanisms and results in different consequences in terms of international interactions, such a dual identity presents a dilemma. China's identity dilemma is a problem related to its position in its participation and interactions in the international system. Its resolution depends not only on determining the source of the dilemma but also determining the appropriate countermeasures.

Keywords: China's identity dilemma; foreign policy; international community; international system

10.1163/9789004273917_005
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