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Chapter Summary

A politically conservative discourse about the culturally innate and unchanging nature of rural identity, the agrarian myth replaces the socio-economic process of becoming with an eternal situation of systemically non-transcendent being. Along with democracy, human rights are regarded as one of the main benefits gained as a result of the struggle conducted by the Zapatistas. Marxism confers political legitimacy only on revolutionary struggles for political power undertaken by class categories. During the twentieth century, the agrarian myth appears on film. The travel writing conveys to the self the same experience recounted by another. The difficulty with the re-exoticization of indigenous 'otherness' is that under the guise of cultural nationalism, it projects an idealized view about the economic feasibility of petty commodity production under capitalism. There seem to be little prospect for rural population to reproduce itself economically simply as a self-sufficient peasantry under capitalism.

Keywords: agrarian myth; capitalism; Marxism; Zapatistas



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