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Chapter Summary

This chapter engages with the realities, looking into how poverty and inequality, international migration and xenophobia affect South African society. The social identities that played significant roles in negotiating distance between the members and the dwellers at the CMM were racial, national, ethnic, African, Christian and social class. The chapter presents certain observations that are important to understanding the dynamics in the relationship between the members and the dwellers. Race is chosen as the general frame for this introduction for two reasons: firstly, race continues to be a strong source of identity and one basis for exclusion in the country. Durrheim, Mtose and Brown rightly maintain that "this race trouble is particularly acute in South Africa because of the recent history of apartheid, but it is not exclusively a South African phenomenon". The chapter presents the history of exclusionary identity (re)construction to understand exclusionary tendencies in relationships at the CMM.

Keywords: apartheid; international migration; race; South African society; xenophobia



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