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1 A Community of Faith

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Chapter Summary

Modern Israeli Judaism has diluted the demands of personal religiosity in order to be capable of integrating the whole gamut of individual attitudes, from zealotry to nonbelief and cynicism, found among the millions of modern Jews. By contrast, the few Samaritans alive today do not feel that they have the luxury to tolerate such diversity. From the contemporary Samaritan point of view, group cohesion depends on everyone's unquestioning assertion of four major tenets of faith. Whenever the community delivers a statement of identity to the outside world, the dogmas constitute its core. All four of them has been passed down since antiquity: There is One God, Elohē-Yisrāʾēl, there is One Prophet, Mosheh ben ʿAmrām, there is One Holy Book, Tōrat Mosheh, and there is One Holy Place, Hargrizīm. Famously, the New Testament contains a number of passages that address the Jewish-Samaritan opposition, from both anti-Samaritan and sympathetic points of view.

Keywords: Elohē-Yisrāʾēl; Hargrizīm; Israeli Judaism; Jewish-Samaritan opposition; Mosheh ben ʿAmrām; Tōrat Mosheh

10.1163/9789004274259_003
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