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Chapter Summary

Episyrphus contains the familiar E. balteatus, one of the most common hoverflies and a regular visitor to gardens and houses. The other Episyrphus species are common forest and shrub species. They are also found in gardens with relatively mature shrubs and trees, but are very variable in abundance. Their larvae prey on aphids. The genus Meliscaeva is included as a subgenus of Episyrphus, but later works reinstall Meliscaeva as separate genus. All species are medium-sized with an elongated body and bare eyes. E. balteatus is unique in its rather orange body colour and double-banded tergites. E. auricollis and E. cinctella have yellow bands or spots and may be confused with Meligramma or Melangyna. E. cinctella is similar to Melangyna cincta, but the yellow spots on tergite 2 are square instead of triangular in E. cinctella.

Keywords: E. auricollis; E. balteatus; E. cinctella; Episyrphus; genus Meliscaeva; Melangyna; Meligramma



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