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Spilomyia

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Chapter Summary

Spilomyia hoverflies are convincing social wasp mimics in their colour, form and behaviour. They wave their front legs to imitate antennae, just as Temnostoma species do. They are large, but they tend to 'disappear into the crowd' when many social wasps are present because of their excellent mimicry. The flies are encountered in various situations: flying near vegetation, visiting flowers or basking in the sun on stones. The flies also inspect trees and rot holes, their larval habitats. The typical characteristics of this genus are the short antennae, the striped eyes and the conical tooth on femur 3. The thoracic dorsum has a characteristic V-shaped marking in front of the scutellum. Syritta pipiens is a very common hoverfly found everywhere that plants are flowering. Their larvae live in decaying plant material. Syrphus inhabit a variety of habitats, but prefer woodlands and shrubs.

Keywords: Spilomyia digitata; Spilomyia diophthalma; Spilomyia manicata; Spilomyia saltuum; Spilomyia hoverflies; Temnostoma species

10.1163/9789004274495_070
/content/books/b9789004274495s070
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