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Chapter Summary

Syrphus are common black and yellow hoverflies in the garden and along forest edges. They inhabit a variety of habitats, but prefer woodlands and shrubs. Males can be found hovering 1-5 metres above the ground, apparently guarding an air space. The larvae of Syrphus are aphid predators. Syrphus contain broad-bodied, black and yellow flies with a pollinose, greenishblack thorax. The face never has a black facial stripe, but the mouth edge may be black. They are most easily confused with Parasyrphus species. Most Parasyrphus are smaller and have a black facial stripe (except for two species). The key is based on Barendregt, Vockeroth and Goeldlin de Tiefenau. This chapter contains diagrammatic representations of Syrphus nitidifrons, head of male; Syrphus nitidifrons, habitus of female; larva of Syrphus torvus; and Syrphus vitripennis, habitus of male.

Keywords: Parasyrphus species; shrubs; Syrphus nitidifrons; Syrphus vitripennis; Syrphus; woodlands



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