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Chapter Summary

Xanthandrus dwell in deciduous and coniferous forests, especially those with a thick understorey of shrubs. Males hover at 3-5 metres. The larvae are known to prey on aphids and the caterpillars of various small moths (for example, Tortricidae), both on trees and low-growing plants. They are also known predators of the caterpillars of the pine procession moths (Thaumetopoea pinivora and T. pityocampa). They are broad-bodied hoverflies, with a black scutellum and face, and reddish-orange markings on the abdomen. The chapter also contains a diagrammatic representation of Xanthandrus comtus, habitus of male.

Keywords: coniferous forests; deciduous forests; T. pityocampa; Thaumetopoea pinivora; Tortricidae; Xanthandrus comtus; Xanthandrus



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