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Trading between East and West: The Ottoman Empire of the Early Modern Period

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Chapter Summary

Trade, warfare, and diplomacy are the three pivotal phenomena which make the embeddedness of the Ottoman Empire in a wider global framework most easily apparent. This chapter deals with Ottoman subjects, and therefore concentrates on Muslim and non-Muslim merchants visiting the polities. It also focuses on seventeenth-century Istanbul merchants. The chapter then deals with the Armenians, who tried to trade in Marseille and, more successfully, established a position in eighteenth-century Holland. Moreover, by the eighteenth century, Balkan traders, who were all still subjects of the sultans, were active in the Habsburg lands and also participated in the fairs of Leipzig. The traders of the Netherlands, de facto a republic from the last quarter of the sixteenth century and de jure independent from Spain as of 1648, soon achieved a leading position in the European business world.

Keywords: Istanbul merchants; Muslim merchants; Netherlands; Ottoman Empire; Ottoman trade; Venice



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