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Gunners for the Sultan: French Revolutionary Efforts to Modernize the Ottoman Military

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on three of the most important points regarding the Franco-Ottoman cooperation in the modernization of the Ottoman military before the Napoleonic Invasion of Egypt in 1798. Firstly, it assesses the purpose that hundreds of French military specialists served while employed to train and introduce new military technologies to Ottoman troops at the end of the eighteenth century. A central part of this problem is ascertaining how both political entities benefited from this assistance. Secondly, the chapter analyzes the reasons behind the ending of this Franco-Ottoman collaboration, as it was abruptly stopped shortly before the military confrontation in Egypt. Thirdly, it determines if this period of military cooperation was a failure or a missed opportunity. The chapter further gives a brief introduction to the Ottoman perspective, which has been treated more thoroughly elsewhere, and then assesses the French point of view more in detail.

Keywords: Egypt; French military specialists; Napoleonic Invasion; Ottoman military; Ottoman sultan Selim III

10.1163/9789004274686_011
/content/books/b9789004274686s011
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