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9 The European Union as a Spectacle: The Case of the Slovenian-Croatian Dispute over the Sea Border

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Chapter Summary

In 1991, immediately after disintegration of the socialist Yugoslavia has started, the delimitation of territorial sea between Slovenia and Croatia in Bay of Piran led to a dispute between two independent and autonomous states. The Gulf of Trieste itself was divided into two more or less equal parts: the Italian part and the part assigned to the former Yugoslavia. The delimitation area is bounded by Croatian and Slovenian coastline on one side and by inherited Italian border on the other. The land border between Slovenia and Croatia ends in Bay of Piran, which lies within Gulf of Trieste. As regards the remaining characteristics relevant to delimitation, it seems appropriate to mention that both bays are relatively shallow. In 2004 Slovenia was first of the former Yugoslav republics to become an EU member. The issue regarding delimitation of the territorial sea in Bay of Piran is settled by the Arbitration Tribunal.

Keywords: Arbitration Tribunal; Bay of Piran; Croatia; EU member; Slovenian coastline; territorial sea; Yugoslavia



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